- Less rain has increased the concern of farmers
- There may be a big fall in the production of Kharif crops
- Paddy planting has lagged behind
Uttar Pradesh: Due to less rain this time in Uttar Pradesh, there is a possibility of a significant fall in the production of Kharif crops. Due to this, worry lines have started appearing on the foreheads of the farmers. The Kharif season crop has been delayed due to almost entire June rains and very little rain in July, which is likely to have an impact on the upcoming Rabi season as well. According to Meteorological Department data, between June 1 and July 29, Uttar Pradesh received only 170 mm of rain, which is almost 50 percent of the normal level of 342.8 mm. During this period, 67 out of 75 districts in the state have received below average rainfall. There are only seven districts where rainfall was normal. According to the information received from the health ministry, the Kharif crop is badly affected due to less rainfall this time.
Paddy planting has lagged behind
Till July 29, out of the state’s total 96.03 lakh hectare agricultural area, 72 lakh hectare was cultivated, out of which paddy has been sown in 60 lakh hectare area, but due to lack of rain, paddy transplanting has lagged behind… Prime Minister of agriculture Baldev Singh Aulakh informed that this year paddy has been sown in an area of 40 lakh hectares in the state which is about 65 percent of the total area. This has happened due to late monsoon and less rainfall. He said that monsoon has now become active in the state and if normal rainfall continues this week, then 90 percent of the area will be sown under paddy. Although monsoon is active in the state at this time, but due to very less rainfall in June and July, farmers are worried about the possibility of drought.
Bisya Sen Verma, a marginal farmer of Nari Beheen village in Lakhimpur Kheri district, said, “We usually sow the seeds in the nursery in the first week of June and transplant them in the first week of July. The field is till July 10. We used to be flooded with rainwater. But let’s transplant this year, due to lack of rain, our seeds were spoiled in the nursery itself.” According to experts, the main reason for the fall in paddy crop this year can be attributed to the delay in sowing the paddy in the fields.
Ideal time for transplantation is 25 to 35 days
D. Subramaniam, principal scientist at the Indian Rice Research Center Hyderabad said the ideal time for transplanting rice in the field is 25 to 35 days. Once the plant is mature in the nursery, it is less likely to flower if planted late. Paddy farmers in different parts of the state say that due to weak monsoon, it took 40 to 50 days for them to take the paddy out of the nursery and plant them in the field. Soma Rupal, a farmer from Mau district said, “We cannot transplant paddy in dry fields so we had no option but to wait for the rains. I usually sow paddy in one and a half hectare area but this time I planted only in an area of one hectare.
Drought-like conditions may occur
Uttar Pradesh has either received very little or no rain till June 29 this year. The last 30 June and 5 July saw normal rains, but thereafter the monsoon weakened and until 23 July there were almost drought-like conditions. While this is the ideal time to transplant paddy. The weak monsoon has also affected crops such as tur and maize. Due to lack of rain, the corn sprouts dried up after germination. While farmers in eastern Uttar Pradesh are worried about tur and maize crops, farmers in the west are worried about their sugarcane crops. Director of Indian Sugarcane Research Institute AD Pathak said that “Lack of rain is certainly a matter of concern for sugarcane farmers. It will have some impact on sugarcane growth but overall it will not have any significant impact.” In view of the drought-like situation in the state, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, in a meeting with senior officials recently, had said that the government should be prepared for any situation.
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