In India, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which is often discussed in a Hindu organization or political context, has always taken steps to protect its cultural heritage. But, because of this, it is rarely mentioned.
Language was one of the things that Kemal Pasha, the founder of modern Turkey, gave serious attention to when Turkey became independent. Kamal Pasha wasted no time after the protests, removing foreign languages from education and making Turkish compulsory. Because, he wanted to spread the feeling of nationalism among the Turkish people, for this he needed his own language. Since Turkey was written in the Arabic script at the time, he made another announcement in which he clearly stated that those who did not know the Latin script would be denied government jobs. Similarly, when the Jews scattered all over the world got their land, they also adopted their language ‘Hebrew’. Think, the language of the landless Jews was nowhere in the practice of writing and reading. Even after this, when the Jews rebuilt Israel, they revived their language, Hebrew, which had been buried in the ashes. The English imperative that today seeks to establish in India, its own country, Britain, was once a slave to the French. Later the British people agitated and changed their language to ‘English’. Today, this country stands at the forefront of the language in which all transactions are conducted. Citizens here could contribute more to the progress of their country due to education in their own language. Almost all countries of the world understand the importance of their language. So their official language is their own mother tongue. But, we people are unfortunate when even after getting freedom we are not freed from mental slavery. Even after Mahatma Gandhi’s insistence, he could not give up his fascination with English.
In India, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which is often discussed in a Hindu organization or political context, has always taken steps to protect its cultural heritage. But, because of this, it is rarely mentioned. The RSS also underlines the importance of ‘mother tongue’ in its efforts to establish the superiority of its culture. In fact, the Sangh believes that- “Language is an important component of the identity of any individual and society and is the living carrier of its culture. The diverse languages and dialects prevalent in the country are essential for the preservation of our culture, rich traditions, rich knowledge and rich literature as well as ideological innovation.
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The way Indian languages are suffering under the influence of English. Many words from Indian languages have also become extinct. They are full of words from English and foreign languages. Due to these unauthorized intrusions, many dialects and languages have either completely disappeared or are on the verge of extinction. In view of this state of Indian languages, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh took an important step by passing a resolution titled ‘Need for Preservation and Promotion of Indian Languages’ in the 2015 All India Representative Assembly held in Nagpur. However, the Union has been striving for the promotion of Indian languages since its inception. But, seeing the imminent threat to Indian languages in today’s situation, the Sangh has requested all governments, other policy makers and the entire society including voluntary organizations to come forward to save their languages. For this, the union has mentioned some reasons and remedies in its proposal.
Due to the selfish policies and narrow mindedness of the politicians of India, the country has suffered a lot. Even at the time of independence, Hindi was the language of communication from north to south and from east to west. If we wanted then we could have given Hindi the honor of national language. They can make it an official language and give due respect to other Indian languages. They can increase the prevalence of Hindi at the state and country level. But, our colonial mind did not accept this and retained English as the official language. Such a clash of languages started that the Indian languages turned against each other in their own homes and the British came over all.
The result of this language policy in the last 70 years is that today we have to come out with campaigns and calls to save our languages. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh today is not concerned about Indian languages, rather it called for Hindi to be made not the national language but the world language only three years after independence. On March 2, 1950, the Haryana Provincial Hindi Parishad was organized in Rohtak. The speech delivered by ‘Sri Guruji’ Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, Sarsanghchalak of the Sangh on this occasion was titled – ‘Hindi has to be made the language of the world’. Language is an important component of nationality, Indianness, culture which the Union Flag bears. It is not only Hindi. Hindi is the symbol of entire Hindustan. But, the identity of Hindustan is its diversity. This variation is also in languages. Even in dialects. The Sangh is a promoter of unbroken culture in equal diversity, so it is conversant with all Indian languages and dialects.
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With the inspiration of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a ‘Bharatiya Bhasha Manch’ platform has also been established in the year 2015 to improve the current status of Indian languages and bring all Indian languages closer together. Indian Language Forum has included 18 points in its objective. All the requests mentioned by the House of Representatives in its resolution are included in the objectives of the Indian Language Forum. The platform’s efforts are also bearing fruit. It may be mentioned here that in 2015, the House of Representatives also passed a resolution to provide primary education in the mother tongue. In that resolution, the Sangh insisted that primary education should be done in a foreign language where a person is alienated from his environment, tradition, culture and life values, while being ignorant of the knowledge, scriptures, literature etc. acquired from it. Ancestors, he loses his identity. India must not only preserve its identity, but also preserve and nurture its languages for the greater role it is moving towards. It is possible that even without its language it would have a presence on the world stage, but that presence would be much weaker. No nation can survive without losing its culture. To build ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’ and ‘New India’ it is also necessary to preserve our cultural elements and put them into practice.
(The author is a freelance journalist and columnist. Presently Assistant Professor at Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication, Bhopal.)