Politics

जस्टिस चंद्रचूड़ का कार्यकाल दो वर्ष का भले है मगर उनके समक्ष चुनौतियों का अंबार लगा है

Looking at the statistics of pending cases in courts across the country, there are currently around 4.83 crore cases pending in courts, out of which more than 4.1 crore cases are pending in district courts alone. The number of cases pending in various High Courts is about 59 lakhs.

Justice Dhananjay Yashwant Chandrachud took charge as the Chief Justice of India (CJI) on 9 November. He will hold the highest post in the country’s highest court till 10 November 2024. Justice Chandrachud has earlier delivered several landmark judgments like the Ayodhya case, criminalization of same-sex relations under Section 377 of the IPC, recognition of the Aadhaar scheme and permanent commission to women officers in the army. He has also shown generosity in encouraging innovation. The Judiciary’s first Information Technology Center was set up under his direction and he also initiated the digitization of the Allahabad High Court.

Justice Chandrachud’s tenure has not been easy

Although Justice Chandrachud has a long tenure of two years as the country’s 50th CJI, it will not be easy. As CJI, he will have many big challenges. The biggest challenge will be to reduce the backlog of pending cases in the courts. He himself said on August 25, 2022 at an event of the Indian Law Society in Pune that we all know how many cases are pending in the courts. According to PRS Legislative Research, between 2010 and 2020, the pendency of cases in all courts increased at an annual rate of 2.8 percent, and between 2020 and 2022, the Covid pandemic has further increased this burden. During the recent summit, he also mentioned the current challenges faced by the judiciary. He himself admitted that the biggest challenge before the Indian judiciary is the number of pending cases. According to Justice Chandrachud, in the last 70 years, we have created a culture of illusion, as well as a culture of mistrust, due to which our officials cannot take decisions and because of which many cases are pending in the courts. Huh. He also said that law can be an instrument of justice and also of oppression. That is why he emphasized that not only judges but all decision makers have a duty to ensure that the law does not become an instrument of oppression. According to Justice Chandrachud, there are still laws in the statute books of the colonial era, which can be used for harassment.

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Crores of cases are pending in the courts of the country.

Looking at the statistics of pending cases in courts across the country, there are currently around 4.83 crore cases pending in courts, out of which more than 4.1 crore cases are pending in district courts alone. The number of pending cases in various High Courts is about 59 lakh and out of them about 13 lakh cases are about 10 years old. More than 72 thousand cases are pending in the Supreme Court alone. There are more than 1.12 lakh cases which have been pending for over 30 years due to shortage of judges in the courts. In such a situation, it is a very serious challenge to solve such a large number of pending cases against Justice Chandrachud. Along with this, they have to take decisive initiatives in the direction of filling up the vacant posts of judges in the courts, improving the working style of the courts and simplifying the court process. After assuming charge as the Chief Justice, Justice Chandrachud recently took a very important decision regarding the list of new cases in the Supreme Court. He directed the Registrar of the Supreme Court to automatically list new cases for hearing before the bench. In such cases an automatic date will be given and there will be an automatic list.

Public confidence in the judiciary needs to be increased

Usually the tenure of the Chief Justice of the country is short, but Justice Chandrachud got a long tenure of two years. Hence it is expected that during this time he will be able to implement these necessary reforms. Justice Chandrachud has also talked about making the judicial system more transparent and easier for common citizens. The country’s courts are notorious for a ‘date on date’ work culture. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to change this image of date-by-date courts, so that the faith of the common man in the judiciary can increase. It is to be expected that they will take concrete steps to increase public confidence in the judicial system.

Yogesh Kumar Goyal

(The author is a senior journalist continuously active in journalism for 32 years)

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